Wazir Khan Mosque more commonly known as Masjid Wazir Khan is a Mughal-era mosque located in the Punjab’s capital city Lahore, Pakistan. It is probably one of the best examples of Mughal architecture. The mosque is bounded by Delhi Gate to the east and Lahore fort to the west. It is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Mosque is named after its builder, Hakeem Ilm-ul-Din Ansari who was widely known as Wazir Khan who was the governor of Lahore until 1639 A.D. Wazir khan mosque is located on the site of the tomb of Syed Muhammad Ishaq (a saint who migrated from Iran in the 13th Century. Masjid Wazir Khan was built in the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Construction of the mosque was started in 1634 C.E and took seven years to complete. It is renowned for its intricate faience tile work which is known as Kashi-Kari. The glorious Wazir Khan Mosque is located near the walled inner city of Lahore.
The most distinguishing architectural feature of the mosque is the use of octagonal minarets on each of its four corners. This type of architectural design was employed for the first time in Lahore. The mosque is built of brick and tile. Each of its five compartments has a dome and open into the main prayer hall. Most of the mosque is decorated with glazed tile mosaics. Arabesque, brick imitation, caligraphy, fresco, Kashi Kari, inscriptions, floral designs and geometrical patterns are used for the embellishment of the mosque. Wazir Khan Mosque was once a training center for Islamic Calligraphy. Other mosques were later on built on the same construction techniques, the Badshahi mosque is the most famous among them.
The mosque itself and the bazaar adjacent to the mosque are major tourist attractions. The incorporation of the 22 shops into its ground plan is the most curious feature of the mosque. These shops have a brick paved passage in between. This commercial area extends to the east beyond the mosque into the Wazir Khan Chowk which is a dynamic commercial district to the present day.
Wazir Khan Mosque is situated at about 1.5 km east from Lahore fort and about 1.7 km away from Badshahi mosque. You can also access it from Shalimar gardens by going about 7 km to the west.
The nearest government hospital is Mayo Hospital which is situated at 2 km distance.