In the Eye of History
Shalimar Garden is located in the Lahore, Pakistan. It is the chronicles of Fifth -Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1641-2. The Shalimar gardens are few-of-a-kind artistic creation which depicts the wonderful testimony of Mughal civilization. These are the best maintained Mughal emperor nostalgic gardens that have survived in the last 400 years. The Shalimar Gardens were also formed in Delhi and Kashmir but they are not in their archetypal shape but much in ruins. These were also built by the Shah Jahan emperor of Mughals. It was recognized as one of the heritage site by the UNESCO World Heritage Site Inscription 30th August 1981.
Piece of an Art
Shalimar gardens of Lahore are the masterpiece of Mughal artwork. Historians comment that the garden was planted in 1641 at 31 August as per the Mughal King’s orders. Shah Jahan was a nature and architecture love. But the current garden does not depict the plantation by Shah Jahan because of gradual rough changes made during the past years when the city was conquered by invaders. But still, it has been a picnic point for the natives of the city. It also attracts the visitors of other cities, travelers, and tourists. They love to come here.
The gardens are situated at 16 hectors and consist of three terraces. While as we enter the garden first impression is amazing as a line of about 410 wonderful fountains in water channel stretched a long way. The beautiful pavilion that marked the end of upper terrace is completely built with the milky marble. The water flows under the pavilion, cascades down over carved marble and looks like an imaginary waterfall. In the years back this pavilion was used by the Mughal emperors and their family members to enjoy the coolness of these running fountains.
Three Terraces of Garden
The garden has three stunning terraces that enhance the beauty of the garden. These terraces make an attractive site primarily because of their uniqueness. These are 5-6 Meters one above the other and travel from north to the south in the garden. The incredible thing is their names, which are as follows:
The top one is at the highest level, which is 3rd level in them and called as “Farah Bakhsh” that means “bestower of pleasure”. This terrace has exactly 105 fountains.
Mid-level is the 2nd level and known as “faiz bakhsh” that means “bestower of goodness”. There are total 152 fountains at this level.
The last level is called as “hayat bakhsh” that means “bestower of life”. This level consists of 153 fountains that run over the entire terrace.
Buildings of Garden
Talking about a garden generally means all greenery and flowers, but this historian one has a range of buildings in it with stunning architecture that is worth having a look at. These were built to serve the royal family and the visitors of the time as well. There are:
- Sawan Bhadoon Pavilion ( the moon soon pavilion)
- Aiwan ( The Grand Hall)
- Naqar Khana
- Hammam (Royal Bath)
- Aramgha ( Royal Resting Place)
- Begum Sahib Khuabgha ( Bedroom For Queen)
- Deewan-e-Khas-o-Aam ( Hall For Ordinary And Special People)
- Baradari ( Summer Pavilions To Enjoy Fountains)
- Minars ( Minarets Around The Garden At Corners)
- 2 Gateways
This garden yet provides the Lahories the best place to visit and love the greenery and history but still a lot has to be done to maintain the beauty and eye-catching look of the garden.