The old city of Lahore, also known as the “Androon Lahore”, or “Walled City”, is the section of Lahore, Punjab, in Pakistan. It was secured by a city wall during the Mughalia Kingdom era and its traces can be observed in the northwestern part of the city.
Name Of Lahore
There are many unspecified historic names put forward but “Lavapuri” ( City of Lava) ” was proposed by its founder the price Lava, the son of Hindu King Rama. The very name has been considered as most authentic and oldest one.
History Of Walled City
The city of Lahore does not have an ancient history but some historical analysis and archeological institutions claim the history of the city as far back as 1500-2000 BC.
For example, out of the odds, he famous Chinese pilgrim Hieun-tsang has mentioned the old city of Lahore, its mud walls and river Ravi in his writings of mid 7th century, but the name of both is not as it’s been now called.
Moreover, in Hudud-e-Alam (The Boundaries/Regions of the World) which was written in late 980s, the oldest authentic mention of Lahore is mentioned in this document. It is mentioned as a city or town where non-muslims were residents, having impressive and monumental temples, large trade markets and symbolic orchards. It refers to two major markets around which dwellings existed. It also mentioned about the mud walls that enclose these two dwellings, to make it a single one.
In other simple words, the history of the old city of Lahore is very unspecified. But there are still the historic and archeological changes that make its history.
- Such as the way the Ravi has flown in past and how and when it has been changing its course thoroughly.
- The making of the Lahore Fort or Shahi Qila and how power has flowed vigorously from the rulers.
- The way of the small population and the economy of the old original Walled City has changed over time. Whether grown, or even shrunk, depending on invasions, droughts, and famines in the countryside.
The beautiful buildings of Lahore play a very integral role in defining the history of the Walled city.
- Hindu Shahi Period
Barhaman Hindus, after leaving Waihind ruled the Lahore and was the capital of the Punjab during the reign of Anandapala- the Hindu Shahi king. He was also called as “Hakim-e-lahur” that time.
- Ghaznavid Empire to Delhi Sultanate
In early 11th century, the city was invaded by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. He took Lahore after a long and savage siege and brutal battle in which the city was burned and depopulated. In 1021, Malik Ayaz was appointed for the throne and Lahore was made the capital of the Ghaznavi Empire of India.
- Turk Dynasties
After the decline of the Ghaznavi Empire, the city was ruled by various Turk dynasties (Delhi Sultanate), the Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Sayyid, Lodhis, and Suris.
Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibak was crowned here in 1206, he became the first Muslim sultan in South Asia. Under Aibak, Lahore had more poets of Persia than any other Islamic city
In the 13th Century after the betrayal of Loharana, Dada Jashrah ruled the Lahore and Multan City. He was a brave and great warrior. The Mongol invader Changez Khan, attacked Multan and was killed by Dada Jashraj, Rana of Lohargadh. He died at the age of 28 with so short life and full of deeds.
- Mughals ruled the city after the Dada jashraj from 1524 to 1752 AD and this period was when the city was developed as a great city.
- Post Mughal Era was the downfall of Mughal Empire and it was demolished by the British and Marhaatas.
- British Raj was started after the demolished Mughal Empire and when the Last king Bahadur Shah Zafar was caught by British and after that, it was governed by British emperors till 1947.