Noor Mahal, a beautiful palace located in the historical city Bahawalpur in Pakistan was built in 1872. Bahawalpur is a cultural city and was a princely state before the Independence of Pakistan. It is about 150 years old and is the most recent monument notified under Antiquities Act. It consists of 32 rooms out of which 14 are in the basement, six verandas, and five domes. The palace covers an of 4140-meter square.


Noor Mahal was constructed by Nawab Sadiq Khan, the fourth, for his wife. However, it is said that the nawab family never lived in the palace except for one night, as nawab’s wife refused to live here because she saw a graveyard in the back of the palace. Nawab Sadiq Khan was also known as Shah Jahan of Bahawalpur for constructing beautiful buildings.

The architecture of the palace is of Islamic and corinthian style and has a tinge of sub-continent. The building was designed by Mr. Heennan, who was the state engineer.

Most of the furniture was imported from England and Italy. The construction of the palace started in 1872 and completed in 1875. In 1906, the fifth Nawab, Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan, added a mosque to the palace.

Bahawalpur State was merged into Pakistan in 1956 and the Auqaf department took the charge of the building. In 1977, Pakistan Army purchased the palace for a total sum of 119 million.

In 2001, Department of Archeology, Government of Pakistan declared it a ‘national monument’. It is now open general public visitors and tourists.


There are many interesting things to see in the palace. Many things used by nawab remain intact till today. There are many old coins, currency notes, and swords. The old currency notes and an old piano which the Nawab used to play can also be seen there. A prison is also present inside the palace. Many imaginary pictures of old nawabs are also found on a long wall.